BIOS E-72 Infectious Diseases in a World of Changing Climate, Drug Resistance, and Vaccine Hesitancy
Despite the availability of control measures, infectious diseases are emerging and re-emerging. These outbreaks emphasize the importance of understanding the epidemiology of infectious diseases through qualitative and quantitative methods. This course introduces the basics of infectious disease epidemiology, disease surveillance methods, laboratory diagnosis, dynamics of transmission, and assessment of prevention and control measures. The epidemiology of different diseases based on route of transmission (food-borne, water-borne, vector-borne, or air-borne) along with common and recently emerged infectious diseases (influenza, malaria, Ebola, Zika, and antimicrobial resistance pathogens) are discussed. Finally, we explore some quantitative techniques to understand the epidemiology and dynamics of infectious disease outbreaks to help public health officials make better and more informed decisions. We consider the political, demographic, and social changes that have an impact on public health.